It is important to evaluate a scene for all of the potential angles of view. And a videographer should shoot from several of points of view to ensure variety. For example, footage taken from both the right and left of or above and below a subject may be combined to off er a more dynamic presentation. Likewise, there are a number of camera movement techniques that can make video presentations more dynamic. However, they should no be overused in news presentations. Oft en, straightforward, focusing clean shots is best practice. However, when camera movement is appropriate, here are a few options:

Zooming is adjusting the camera lens from telephoto to wide-angle or from wide angle to telephoto. Zooming-in narrows the point of view. Zooming-out widens the point of view.

Panning is moving the camera horizontally to follow the action. Panning may create a panoramic view or keep a moving object or person from exiting the frame.

Tilts move the camera vertically to capture action or accentuate the height of an object or person. A “tilt up” while zooming-in or a “tilt down” while zooming-out help establish rhythm for many shots.

Depth of Field is determined by the distance of the subject to the camcorder and the focal setting of the zoom. The degree of sharpness of the area in front of and behind the subject defines depth of field. A shallow depth of field isolates a subject by blurring the foreground and the background, focusing only on the center of interest.

Videos contributed by Ryan J. Sparrow

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